After the restoration of democracy in the country in 1990,
Nepal indeed has made significant advances in education and
communications among other areas of socio-economic importance.
People have become convinced that a better education means better
jobs and larger income generations; so also they have become
enormously conscious of the role of mass media in society. There
has been phenomenal growth in thirst for knowledge, information,
communications and exposures. And there is little doubt that
by the turn of the century Nepal will be a vastly different
country than what it was half a century ago.
But this change will bring problems too as it has in any developing
countries. Nepal still remains a poor country; it has many miles
to go before it can grapple firmly with the challenge of shaping
a democratic system appropriate to its diverse political, social
and economic aspirations.
Seen in this context, education and mass media in Nepal assume
deeper significance. The achievements so far in education and
mass media development efforts have not been adequate and satisfactory.
Since two decades the educationists, media professionals and
education decision-makers have realized the necessity of bringing
about a change in media professionalism by introducing a curriculum
of media education at the University level. But it has also
been realized that unless the overall system of education improves
qualitatively the media education alone in isolation cannot
improve to the desired extent. Indeed, media education in a
developing country is predicated on the national success of
the education system as a whole. There is no media industry
in the country to support independently the Nepalese media education
system. The Government, or the University depending on government
subsidies, is the only institutions that can promote, but this
means a huge complex of challenges at the national level. With
the expansion and growth in the media system by application
of new communication technology. Academic programmes need to
be adapted in such a way that they can accommodate the fast
changes. With inadequate national budget allocations and limited
manpower resources couple with inefficiency in administration
such a case becomes a far cry, as is the case with Nepal.
However, during the last two decades Tribhuvan University did
make some efforts to strengthen journalism education, and, it
is believed, that the University authorities to make way for
Masters and Ph.D. level of journalism education in not too distant
future are reviewing the basic journalism education development
In fact, it is the only campus of Nepal, which offers Masters,
Bachelors and Intermediate level courses in journalism.